Etikettarkiv | jesus

Was the apostle Paul, or Saul, a murderer?

evil eyesDid Paul kill someone before he was converted?

There is no evidence for that Paul actually killed someone in his life, but he was still acting violently in his goal to pursue his religion which he had adapted to a Pharisaic variant where he was actively searching for converted Jews with the aim to get them imprisoned.

Paul first enters the Biblical scene with his original name Saul (later changed to Paul by Jesus himself), and this is when he consented to the stoning (to death) of Stephen in Acts 7-8. Paul did not participate in the stoning itself, but he did not decline to guard the clothes of those who did – which means that they trusted him in the matter, and he was on their side.

Consenting to someone being killed/sentenced to death (or ”capital punishment”) is not the same as being a murderer himself. If that were the case, loads of people would be charged for being murderers even today, and Paul would just be one in a crowd.

Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord,58 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man’s feet, whose name was Saul.59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.

Acts 8:1 And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.2 And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him.As for Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed them to prison.4 Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.

So Saul caused mayhem in the church, and he entered into houses and caused people to end up in prison. Below we can also see that he was breathing threats and murder against them, but we still do not have any actual evidence that his violent treatment caused anyone to be killed. He did not hesitate to cause converted Jews to be brought bound to Jerusalem because of their (as he thought) incorrect belief – but this does not necessarily mean that anyone ended up being killed. Maybe there would be an increased risk of this if he had been able to pursue all his plans, but he was stopped by the famous vision of Jesus on his way to Damascus. 

Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.3 And as he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:

So Saul/Paul was halted in his plans and chose not to pursue them after being converted. It is not certain that his aim even was to get Christians killed, but he definitely wanted to prevent them from maintaining their faith and spreading their faith to others – through all means possible.

Even if there is no evidence for that Saul/Paul actually killed someone, was he not a murderer in heart since he approved of the stoning of Stephen, and probably would not mind if even more converted Jews were stoned to death?

1 John 3:15 Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

It is true that whoever hates his brother is a murderer and is therefore not saved, but this is a different matter than the subject of whether Paul actually killed someone physically. There are people who store hatred in their hearts towards others but who have not killed anyone physically whether directly or indirectly, and who might even refuse to do so if they had a chance. They would therefore not be considered murderers. (Likewise, not all people would consider someone a murderer just because he/she votes for capital punishment in his country.) God will nevertheless one day judge our hearts on judgment day, and the key question is if we have repented for our sins or not.

We can get some more information about Paul:

Phil. 3:6 Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.7 But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

1 Cor. 15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

Acts 9:13 Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem:14 And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name.

Acts 9:21 But all that heard him were amazed, and said; Is not this he that destroyed them which called on this name in Jerusalem, and came hither for that intent, that he might bring them bound unto the chief priests?

Blood of JesusPaul repented for his past sins and left the old man behind

Paul was converted, and when Ananias placed his hands on him and prayed for him, he was healed from his blindness and was filled with the holy Ghost:

Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks.6 And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.

Acts 9:10 And there was a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.11 And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and enquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth,12 And hath seen in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. — 15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name’s sake.17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost.18 And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.

Just because Paul was ”chosen” vessel does not mean he had no choice in the matter. Jesus might have chosen him because he understood that Paul would respond positively to the task, and because Jesus wanted his help to spread the gospel to the gentiles and to shew him how great things he must suffer for my name’s sake”. (I. e. Paul would get a similar treatment to the one that he himself had chosen to give others.) Remember the parable in Matt. 22 about the wedding feast for the King’s son, and where those who chose to go (and chose to dress properly) were called the chosen ones, rather than those on the guest list (list with invitations) who declined to go:

Acts 26:19 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision

When Paul was converted, he changed his way of thinking and left the old man behind. He walked the talk, and the man who wrote most letters in the New Testament was no hypocrite. Paul expected the followers of Jesus to have a pure heart and a good conscience, and he admitted that he was formerly a blasphemer and persecutor of the church.

1 Tim. 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:6 From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling;7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully;9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,—12 And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, for that he counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;13 Who was BEFORE a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.

Paul acted the way he did because he thought it was the right thing to do. He acted ignorantly in unbelief. This can be compared to situations where a sinner is fully aware  that his deeds are evil (perhaps through stealing from someone else, or perhaps through being involved in adultery and lies) and his own conscience confirms it. The sinner might not want to be treated the same way that he himself treats others, and this is evidence of a sinful heart. This is how God will judge our hearts:

Rom. 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:8 But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,9 Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;10 But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;13 (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.14 For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.

Many Christians misunderstand Rom. 7 as though Paul is speaking about his life as a converted Christian, even though he is only expressing the thoughts of someone (like himself) left to himself under the law. In Rom. 7 he says for instance:

Romans 7:14 But I am carnal, sold under sin

And in the following chapter he claims that those who are carnal will reap DEATH – which would include himself, unless he changed his life style:

Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is DEATH 

It is absolutely clear that Paul did in fact change his life style and expected fellow Christians to avoid sin just like he did:

I Cor. 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and SIN NOT

Romans 6:Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. — 12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.-—   — 16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of SIN UNTO DEATH, or of obedience unto righteousness?  — 21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

Rom 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.—:That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.— 13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.

Paul claimed that he (and his two coworkers) were holy, just and unblameable (which is the same as being ”perfect”), and he also claimed to have lived ”in all good conscience before God until this day”. A person who sins evidently does not live with a good conscience.

1 Thess. 2:10 Ye are witnesses, and God also, how HOLILY and JUSTLY and UNBLAMEABLY WE BEHAVED OURSELVES among you that believe:11 As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children,12 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory

Acts 23:1 And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I HAVE LIVED IN ALL GOOD CONSCIENCE BEFORE GOD UNTIL THIS DAY.  

Acts. 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void to offence toward God, and toward men. 

2 Cor. 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.

2 Tim. 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with PURE CONSCIENCE, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day

Should we wash each other’s feet like Jesus did to his disciples? John 13

fötterJesus washed the feet of his disciples to illustrate a point and to be an example

The story about Jesus washing the feet of his disciples should not be used as support for the idea that a few daily sins in a Christian person’s life is absolutely normal and something that can be washed away on a daily basis. Here is the story from John 13, and the time is just before the Passover when Jesus knew his hour was come:

John 13:5 After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.6 Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.8 Peter saith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.9 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.11 For he knew who should betray him; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.12 So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?13 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet.15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.

Jesus does not express above that we constantly walk around with dirty feet (as in always walking around with minor sins) and that it is enough to get those symbolic feet washed once in a while in order to continue staying clean, holy and saved. Jesus has very high expectations on us, and he even told us to be perfect (Matt. 5:48). This ”perfect” condition does not equal ”to never ever having sinned, and to continue staying totally free of sin” because Jesus said this statement to his disciples and they had already sinned previously in their lives. However, it does mean that we can successfully refrain from sinning – for days, months, years and for ever. If we sin, it is never because we did not have power enough to avoid those sins. If we spend our days sinning and ”repenting”, we clearly do not love Jesus since he told us ”if ye love me, keep my commandments” (John 14:15).

Jesus expectations on us:

Mat. 5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Mark 9:45 And if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter halt into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched

John 5:14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: SIN NO MORE, lest a worse thing come unto thee.

John 8:11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and SIN NO MORE.

John 14:21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.— 23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.24 He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me.

Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

Matt 10:22 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

1 John 1:If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

Rev. 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

Before Jesus washed the feet of his disciples he said ye are clean, but not all” (John 13:10-11). The reason he said Ye are not all clean” was because he knew that Judas would betray him, so clearly he could not have been clean. Sin always makes one unclean, and sin is what separates us from God. This is evidence enough that Jesus does not expect us to walk around semi-dirty but to stay clean. Also in John 15 Jesus declares that his disciples were clean, but he still warned them (and all of us) that they must make sure to abide in him like a branch in the vine, and that lack of fruit might result in being cut off from the vine. Jesus says If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love”.

John 15:Now ye are CLEAN through the word which I have spoken unto you.Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me.5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.9 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.— 14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you.

A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump

Jesus does not say that we only get one single chance to stay clean, but it is also true that we cannot have both our sins and our salvation too. A couple of verses to keep in mind:

1 Cor. 5:6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?

Gal. 5:9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

Washing feet is an example of a good deed that we can do to another 

Jesus provided a good example when he washed the feet of his disciples, because it might be a distant idea that a Master will purposely ”go down to the level” of his disciples and perform such a basic and dirty task. The more common idea is likely that it is the ”low and poor” people who perform such tasks to the rich and famous, but in Jesus world it is often the other way around. The one who humbles himself is the greatest. If Jesus, who is God in flesh, is humble enough to wash the feet of his disciples, we too should follow his example. It does not have to be about washing feet, but what Jesus did was a great example and illustration. Jesus explains: ”15 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another’s feet.15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.17 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.” He also says: 

Matt.23:11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

In the time of Jesus, in the Middle East, people used sandals and walked around on dry and dirt roads, resulting in dirty feet. Not so where I live in Sweden where it is not uncommon with snow and ice, as well as the existence of asphalt on the major roads where you go by car and not by feet. It is doubtful we would even consider it to be a pleasant and comfortable situation if someone would wash our warm and sweaty feet (and it would be so much easier if we did that ourselves in the shower), but during Biblical times it was common to wash ones feet (and hands) separately (sandals + dust/dirt = dirty feet) due to the necessity and to show respect.

Peter asks Jesus why he (Jesus) would not also wash his (Peter’s) hands and head, but that would have been losing the point of the illustration. If someone washes himself in the morning and goes out for an errand, it is usually not the hands and the head that become dirty and in need of a wash, but the feet – at least during this time and place. It is of more value to help someone in an area or situation where it is needed, rather than trying to improve something that needs no improvement. That would just be a waste of time.

Jesus says: He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all, and this can be understood literally and/or symbolically.  Just like the interpretation ”thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church” – which can be understood literally and/or symbolically. What Jesus said was also factual, because washing the feet would be enough.

Another way to look at it is that it is not necessary to get rebaptized each time we sin. It is enough to confess our sins and repent – which means that we leave our old sinful man behind. Still, the story of John 13 tells us that Jesus washed the feet of his clean disciples. Besides, also clean people have a need to humble themselves and do good deeds to others.

The sinning woman in Luke 7 was forgiven and cleansed from her sins when she humbled herself, repented (a requirement for forgiveness) and showed her faith by doing good deeds:

Luke 7:37 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster box of ointment,38 And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.42 And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.45 Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet.46 My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.47 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Another example of washing feet:

1 Tim. 5:9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man.10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints’ feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.

An unclean heart produces sin  

Jesus explains that things that come out of someone might defile him, and he provides examples of things that make us unclean. From within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts …

Mark. 7:15 There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.1—18 And he saith unto them, Are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him;19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats?20 And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man.21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.

The tradition of washing feet 

sandaler

Here are some verses which show the Biblical tradition of washing feet.

Gen. 18:4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree (Abraham)

Gen. 19:2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. (Lot)

Gen. 24:29 And Rebekah had a brother, and his name was Laban: and Laban ran out unto the man, unto the well.30 And it came to pass, when he saw the earring and bracelets upon his sister’s hands, and when he heard the words of Rebekah his sister, saying, Thus spake the man unto me; that he came unto the man; and, behold, he stood by the camels at the well.31 And he said, Come in, thou blessed of the Lord; wherefore standest thou without? for I have prepared the house, and room for the camels.32 And the man came into the house: and he ungirded his camels, and gave straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet, and the men’s feet that were with him. (Laban and his household)

Gen. 43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph’s house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender.

Ex. 30:17 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the Lord:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

Ex. 40:31 And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat

Deut. 1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the priest shall burn all on the altar, to be a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord.—13 But he shall wash the inwards and the legs with water: and the priest shall bring it all, and burn it upon the altar: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord.

Judg. 19:20 And the old man said, Peace be with thee; howsoever let all thy wants lie upon me; only lodge not in the street.21 So he brought him into his house, and gave provender unto the asses: and they washed their feet, and did eat and drink.

1 Sam. 25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.42 And Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.

2 Sam. 11:8 And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king’s house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king.

2 Sam. 19:24 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.

Ps. 58:10 The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked.

Song of Solomon 5:3 I have put off my coat; how shall I put it on? I have washed my feet; how shall I defile them?

The parable of the TWO SONS – who said one thing and did the opposite – Matt. 21:28-32

repent2”He repented and WENT” (Matt. 21:29)

We are supposed to ”walk the talk” instead of just paying lip-service to God’s request of being obedient. The first idiom means ”performing actions consistent with one’s claims” and the second one means ”giving approval or support insincerely”. There are numerous parables in the Bible and while they might each convey different principles, most of them also show that we are justified by works and not only by faith (Ja. 2:24). This is normally the opposite story of what you might hear in church due to the teachings of men like John Calvin and Martin Luther.

1 Cor. 7:19 Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing, but keeping the commandments of God is what matters. (NKJV)

Matt. 5:20 For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall EXCEED the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Here is the parable (KJV) about the two sons who said one thing and did the opposite:

Matt. 21:28 But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.29 He answered and said, I WILL NOT: but afterward he REPENTED, and WENT.30 And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I GO, SIR: and WENT NOT.31 Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.32 For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, REPENTED NOT afterward, that ye might believe him.

These sons can represent anyone of us, but they might also represent two distinct  groups. The first son might represent those pharisees/Jews who claim to obey God but do not, and the other son might represent the publicans/harlots (or gentiles) who choose to obey God after having repented of their deep sins. During the time of Jesus, there were Jewish leaders who claimed to be obedient to God but did not show it with their life style. They might automatically have thought that they were the never-ceasing obedient ones since they viewed themselves as the chosen ones, the first-born, the sons of Abraham, the group of privilege, etc.

The Jewish leaders likely identified themselves with the first son who obeyed God, but Jesus disagreed (Matt. 21:32). They forgot that the this son repented of his thoughts and turned around (unlike themselves). Also, when Jesus says publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you”, he does not promise that sinners can enter heaven without the need to change their lives. The reason why they were stronger candidates for God’s kingdom than the pharisees, is because they were more likely to confess their sins and repent – which the pharisees felt they had no need for.

This parable might make us think about the parable of the Publican and the Pharisee in Luke 18. Many misunderstand this parable and believe that the main teaching is that you should at all costs avoid thinking that righteousness has anything to do with salvation (it does), but rather that you should trust the idea that the sinners can be labelled righteous despite their sins, and righteous people can be labelled awful sinners just because of their conviction that they are righteous. This is not what the parable is saying. Just like in the parable of the two sons, repentance is still required for forgiveness and salvation. The point in the parable of Luke 18 is rather that the pharisees/Jews should not trust in their salvation just because they are born as Jews as though this would automatically make them righteous and accepted. They should rather confess their sins, repent and walk in the steps of that faith of Abraham (Rom. 4:12). The Pharisee in the parable did not even feel that he even needed to be saved from sin due to being convinced of that he lacked it. The publican on the other hand confessed his sins from a humble heart (he wanted to be freed from sin), and since repentance is a requirement for salvation, this confession must be viewed as part of this repentance. Righteousness (your own and not someone else’s) is not the same as self-righteousness.

This is what the publican did:

1 John 3:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

1 John 3:If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

John 8:11 (Jesus)— go, and sin no more 

In the parable of the prodigal son in Luke 15, it is the oldest son who is usually regarded as the one representing the Pharisees/Jews (but the parable applies to anyone where the shoe fits). The great principle in that parable is that the Father always stands ready with open arms to welcome back his disobedient son, but he does not go out and force him back. It is the son who finally admits his sins, repents and chooses to return back to his Father. The son went from life, to death, to life again. Too many people are eager to get the forgiveness part of the story, without the ceasing from sin part.

Peter understood the mission of Jesus:

Acts 10:35 But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him.

The parable of the wise and foolish virgins (Matt. 25) tells the same story. Some virgins took action by bringing extra oil to their lamps, and this enabled them to join the bride groom in the wedding – not the others. The parable of the talents shows that obedient servants will enter into the joy of the Lord: ”Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.” The parable of the sheep and the goats also shows the same principle. The sheep were called the righteous ones, and the reason for this is because they provided food, drink, shelter, clothes and visits (good deeds) to their fellow-man, and they therefore also inherited the kingdom of God – not the others.  

The other parable in Matt. 21:33 (apart from the one about the two sons), concerns at least two main teachings. One concerns the importance of accepting Jesus Christ as the Messiah, the son of God and the corner-stone. The other concerns the importance of being a good servant and render him (God) the fruits in their seasons”.

Matt. 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:34 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.39 And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.40 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you,and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.45 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.46 But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.

dove 2Matt. 21 also contains this marvellos promise:

Matt. 21:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.22 And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.

Something else to think about if someone claims that it is a sin to be too righteous (because of the weird idea that it would make you a self-righteous Pharisee who clings to works-based salvation):

2 Tim. 3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. —3 — false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

Is. 5:20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

Vem får helige Ande? Tungotal endast genom apostlarnas handpåläggning?

acts-10Kraven för att få den helige Ande

Tro, omvändelse och lydnad krävs för att få den helige Ande. Det är alltså inte det omvända – att vi först får den helige Ande som sedan resulterar i att vi tror, omvänder oss och lyder (den kalvinistiska synen). Vi måste först och främst söka Gud och komma till honom, trots att han inte är långt borta från någon av oss (se Apg 17).

Kraven:

Apg 2:38 Petrus svarade dem: ”OMVÄND ER och låt er alla döpas i Jesu Kristi namn, så att era synder blir förlåtna. DÅ SKALL NI FÅ DEN HELIGE ANDE SOM GÅVA. — 

Apg 5:32 Vi är vittnen till detta, vi och den helige Ande, som Gud har gett åt dem SOM LYDER HONOM.”

Ämnet i Apostlagärningarna kap. 2 är främst tungotal (en av andegåvorna som vi uppmanas att söka ivrigt) och händelsen är unik eftersom det är första gången som vi kan läsa om tungotalet i nya testamentet. Det är när Petrus och de övriga apostlarna får frågan ”Vad skall vi göra?” (ställd av troende människor) som Petrus svarar att de måste omvända sig (och döpa sig som en naturlig följd) för att få sina synder förlåtna och för att få den helige Ande som gåva.

Apg 2:3 Tungor som av eld visade sig för dem och fördelade sig och satte sig på var och en av dem. 4 Och de uppfylldes alla av den helige Ande och började tala främmande språk, allteftersom Anden ingav dem att tala.—33 Sedan han nu genom Guds högra hand har blivit upphöjd och av Fadern tagit emot den utlovade heligAnde, har han utgjutit detta som ni ser och hör— 37 När de hörde detta, högg det till i hjärtat på dem, och de frågade Petrus och de andra apostlarna: ”Bröder, VAD SKALL VI GÖRA?” 38 Petrus svarade dem: ”OMVÄND ER och låt er alla döpas i Jesu Kristi namn, så att era synder blir förlåtna. DÅ SKALL NI FÅ DEN HELIGE ANDE SOM GÅVA. — 41 De som då tog emot hans ord döptes, och så ökade antalet lärjungar den dagen med omkring tre tusen.

Det är en viss skillnad på hur Anden arbetar i det gamla och det nya testamentet. I det nya testamentet så kommer Anden som en Hjälpare in i våra hjärtan och leder oss i vår vardag på ett mer direkt och förfinat sätt, vilket vi även kan se profeteras om i det gamla testamentet.

Man kunde givetvis bli frälst även under det gamla testamentets tid, innan Jesu återuppståndelse och innan kraften från den nya Hjälparen. I GT var det dock snarare Guds profeter som kunde erbjuda extra ljus över Guds ord. Tro som leder till rättfärdigt liv har alltid varit grundbultet för frälsning – både i det gamla och det nya testamentet. En skillnad är förstås att människor inte talade i tungor i äldre tider, och mirakel/helande utfördes främst av Guds profeter.

Ef. 3:5 I tidigare släktled har den inte avslöjats för människor så som den nu genom Anden har uppenbarats för hans heliga apostlar och profeter.

Kornelius – troende och rättfärdig innan han fick den helige Ande

Historien om Kornelius och hans familjemedlemmar är tillräcklig för att inse att man kan vara troende och utföra rättfärdiga handlingar innan man tar emot den helige Ande. Petrus förstår sig på vägen till frälsning för alla människor genom att Gud tar emot den som fruktar honom och gör det som är rätt”.  Tungotalet (ihop med prisande av Gud och intresset för Guds ord) var ett tecken för Petrus att den helige Ande hade utgjutits över dessa människor och att det tagit emot den helige Ande. Inte så att tungotal är ett krav för frälsning, men det är en ytterst naturlig fysisk följd. Många söker sig inte till andegåvorna för att de inte förstår att det gäller dem än idag. 

Apg 10:I Cesarea bodde en man som hette Kornelius, en officer vid den italiska vaktavdelningen. 2 Han var from och fruktade Gud liksom alla i hans hus, och han gav frikostigt med gåvor till folket och bad alltid till Gud. 3 En dag omkring nionde timmen såg han tydligt i en syn, hur en Guds ängel kom in till honom och sade: ”Kornelius!” 4 Han stirrade förskräckt på ängeln och frågade: ”Vad är det, herre?” Ängeln sade: ”Dina böner och dina gåvor har stigit upp till Gud som ett offer han kommer ihåg.—22 De svarade: ”Officeren Kornelius är en rättfärdig man som fruktar Gud, och hela det judiska folket talar väl om honom. Av en helig ängel har han fått en uppenbarelse att han skall kalla på dig och höra vad du har att säga.”.— 34 Då började Petrus tala: ”Nu förstår jag verkligen att Gud inte gör skillnad på människor, 35 utan tar emot den som fruktar honom och gör det som är rätt, vilket folk han än tillhör.— 38 hur Gud smorde Jesus från Nasaret med den helige Andes kraft, han som gick omkring och gjorde gott och botade alla som var i djävulens våld, ty Gud var med honom.—44 Medan Petrus ännu talade föll den helige Ande över alla som hörde ordet. 45 Alla troende judar som hade följt med Petrus häpnade över att den helige Andes gåva blev utgjuten också över hedningarna46 Ty de hörde dem tala med tungor och prisa Gud. 47 Då frågade Petrus: ”Inte kan väl någon hindra att dessa blir döpta med vatten, när de liksom vi har tagit emot den helige Ande?” 48 Och han befallde att de skulle döpas i Jesu Kristi namn. Sedan bad de honom stanna några dagar.

Apg. 11:15 Och när jag började tala, föll den helige Ande på dem, alldeles som på oss under den första tiden16 Då kom jag ihåg vad Herren hade sagt: Johannes döpte med vatten, men ni skall döpas i den helige Ande.

Nedan kan vi se att några människor inte ens kände till den helige Ande och andegåvorna (det verkar inte ens som de kände till Jesus själv) och följdaktligen så hade de fram tills förändringen stått utanför just andegåvornas kraft. De var däremot öppna för att anpassa sig till det nya budskapet, och när de mottagit den helige Ande i sina liv så talade de i tungor och profeterade. Det går dock inte att påstå att dessa människor var ofrälsta och fördömda innan de råkade träffa på Paulus då tog emot hans budskap. Gud dömer oss för vad vi vet och baserat på våra samveten (som avspeglas i våra gärningar). Återigen så fanns möjligheten att bli frälst även under tider då Jesus ännu inte gjort entré. Däremot så kan den helige Ande utgöra en mäktigt kraft att vara hans vittnen och sprida evangelium på ett vinnande sätt till andra. Det är därför ingen liten småsak att sprida evangelium och berätta om andegåvorna.

Apg 19:1 Medan Apollos var i Korint kom Paulus ner till Efesus, sedan han rest genom höglandet. Där träffade han några lärjungar2 och han frågade dem: ”Tog ni emot den helige Ande när ni kom till tro?” De svarade honom: ”Nej, vi har inte ens hört att den helige Ande har blivit utgjuten.”3 Då frågade han: ”Vilket dop blev ni döpta med?” De svarade: ”Med Johannes dop.” 4 Paulus sade: ”Johannes döpte med omvändelsens dop och uppmanade folket att tro på den som kom efter honom, det vill säga på Jesus.” 5 När de fick höra detta döptes de i Herren Jesu namn. 6 Och när Paulus lade händerna på dem, kom den helige Ande över dem, och de talade med tungor och profeterade. 7 Tillsammans var det omkring tolv män.

Den helige Ande som krafthelig ande

Den helige Ande beskrivs ofta som en kraft att kunna sprida Guds ord och att få en djupare insikt och vishet. En ledare i våra liv.

Apg. 1:2 fram till den dag då han blev upptagen till himlen, sedan han genom den helige Ande hade gett sina befallningar åt apostlarna som han hade utvalt.— 8 Men när den helige Ande kommer över er, skall ni få kraft och bli mina vittnen i Jerusalem och i hela Judeen och Samarien och ända till jordens yttersta gräns.” 

Joh. 14:26 Men Hjälparen, den helige Ande, som Fadern skall sända i mitt namn, han skall lära er allt och påminna er om allt vad jag har sagt er.

Joh. 16:7 Men jag säger er sanningen: Det är bäst för er att jag går bort. Ty om jag inte går bort, kommer inte Hjälparen till er. Men när jag går bort, skall jag sända honom till er. 8 Och när han kommer, skall han överbevisa världen om synd och rättfärdighet och dom: 13 Men när han kommer, sanningens Ande, då skall han föra er in i hela sanningen. Ty han skall inte tala av sig själv, utan allt det han hör skall han tala, och han skall förkunna för er vad som kommer att ske. 

Joh 7:37 På den sista dagen, den största i högtiden, stod Jesus och ropade: ”Om någon törstar, så kom till mig och drick! 38 Den som tror på mig, ur hans innersta skall strömmar av levande vatten flyta fram, som Skriften säger.” 39 Detta sade han om Anden, som de skulle få som trodde på honom. Ty Anden hade ännu inte blivit utgjuten, eftersom Jesus ännu inte hade blivit förhärligad.

Mark. 13:11 När man för bort er och utlämnar er, så gör er inte bekymmer för vad ni skall säga. Vad som ges er i den stunden skall ni tala. Det är inte ni som då talar, utan den helige Ande.

Luk 11:13 Om ni som är onda förstår att ge era barn goda gåvor, hur mycket mer skall då inte er Fader i himlen ge den helige Ande åt dem som ber honom?”

Apg 16:6 Sedan tog de vägen genom Frygien och Galatien, eftersom de av den heligAnde hindrades från att predika ordet i Asien.

Rom. 5:5 Och det hoppet bedrar oss inte, ty Guds kärlek är utgjuten i våra hjärtan genom den helige Ande, som han har gett oss.

Rom. 8:27 och han som utforskar hjärtan vet vad Anden menar, eftersom Anden ber för de heliga så som Gud vill.

Rom. 14:17 Ty Guds rike består inte i mat och dryck utan i rättfärdighet och frid och glädje i den helige Ande.

Rom. 15:13 Må hoppets Gud uppfylla er med all glädje och frid i tron, så att ni överflödar i hoppet genom den helige Andes kraft.

Ef. 6:18 Gör detta under ständig åkallan och bön och bed alltid i Anden. Vaka därför och håll ut i bön för alla de heliga.

1 Thess. 1:5 Ty vårt evangelium kom till er inte bara i ord utan i kraft och den helige Ande och gav full visshet. Ni vet ju hur vi uppträdde bland er och vad vi gjorde för er.6 Och ni blev våra efterföljare, ja, Herrens, när ni mitt under svåra lidanden tog emot ordet med den glädje som den helige Ande ger.

Hebr. 2:4 Gud gav också sitt vittnesbörd genom tecken och under och många slags kraftgärningar och genom att dela ut den helige Andes gåvor efter sin vilja.

Människor som tidigare redan fått den helige Ande (såsom Jesu lärljungar under pingstdagen) beskrivs ibland som återigen uppfyllda av den helige Ande när det handlar om tillfällen då de får eller känner en andlig kraft som manar dem att säga/göra något genom denna gudomliga kraft. Det gäller för övrigt även Jesus.

Apg. 4:8 Då uppfylldes Petrus av den helige Ande och svarade dem: ”Ni folkets rådsherrar och äldste, — 25 du har sagt genom den helige Ande, som talade genom vår fader David, din tjänare: Varför upprörs hedningarna och tänker folken ut meningslösa planer?— 31 När de hade slutat att be, skakades platsen där de var samlade, och de uppfylldes alla av den helige Ande och predikade frimodigt Guds ord.

Apg 7:55 Men uppfylld av den helige Ande såg han upp mot himlen och fick se Guds härlighet och Jesus som stod på Guds högra sida.

Apg 13:9 Saulus som även kallades Paulus, uppfylldes då av den helige Ande och spände ögonen i honom — 52 Och lärjungarna uppfylldes av glädje och den helige Ande.

Inte bara apostlarna kunde förmedla den helige Ande

Vi kan läsa i några verser att det var genom apostlarnas händer som människor tog emot den helige Ande (såsom Apg. 5:12), men det står inte angivet att handpåläggning var det enda sättet för andeutgjutelse – vilket exempelvis apostlagärningarna intygar då människor blev andedöpa i stora skaror av att höra och ta emot Guds ord. Inte heller säger Bibeln att det endast var apostlarna som hade denna gåva och att vi själva ska hålla oss borta från handpåläggning. I början var det förstås naturligt att de kristna pionjärerna var centrala vad gäller evangelium, dop, helande och handpåläggning, men antalet kristna ökade med tiden, liksom deras möjligheter att leva ut sin kristna tro på samma sätt som de första lärljungarna.

Om fallet skulle vara att Andens gåvor endast vore kopplade till de första apostlarna och kanske den allra första generationen efter Jesus död, ja då måste vi fråga oss varför Bibeln inte säger det någonstans. Tvärt om så undervisar Paulus ingående om fördelen av Andens gåvor såsom tungotal och översättning, vilket skulle vara tämligen onödigt om allt detta skulle vara inaktuellt redan vid Bibelns sammansättning. Inte på en enda rad kan vi läsa om andegåvornas upphörande i den första generationen, eller att Andens gåvor skulle vara överflödiga inom bara några år. Om nu Andens gåvor skulle ha upphört redan för 2000 år sedan (kort efter att de uppkom) så måste vi fråga oss varför de INTE har upphört och varför just pånyttfödda bibeltroende kristna fortfarande talar i tungor. Har de blivit lurade av sin egen Bibel som gör stor reklam för andegåvorna?

Ananias var inte en-apostel, men han lade händerna på Paulus för att han skulle uppfyllas av den helige Ande:

Apg 9:17 Då gick Ananias, och när han kom in i huset lade han händerna på honom och sade: ”Saul, min broder, Herren Jesus som visade sig för dig på vägen hit, han har sänt mig för att du skall kunna se igen och uppfyllas av den heligAnde.”

Apg 8:14 Då apostlarna i Jerusalem fick höra att Samarien hade tagit emot Guds ord, sände de dit Petrus och Johannes. 15 Dessa kom ner och bad för dem att de skulle få den helige Ande, 16 eftersom Anden ännu inte hade fallit på någon av dem. De var endast döpta i Herren Jesu namn. 17 Apostlarna lade då händerna på dem, och de tog emot den helige Ande.

Johannes Döparen och hans föräldrar hade en mycket påtaglig relation till den helige Ande:

Luk. 1:15 Ty han skall bli stor inför Herren. Vin och starka drycker skall han inte dricka, och redan i moderlivet skall han bli uppfylld av den helige Ande. —  41. När Elisabet hörde Marias hälsning, spratt barnet till i hennes moderliv, och hon blev uppfylld av den helige Ande —67 Hans far Sakarias blev uppfylld av den helige Ande och profeterade

Även Simeon fick ta del av den helige Ande innan pingsthändelsen som ju inträffade efter Jesu död.

Luk 2:25 På den tiden fanns i Jerusalem en man som hette Simeon. Han var rättfärdig och gudfruktig och väntade på Israels tröst, och den helige Ande var över honom26 Och av den helige Ande hade han fått den uppenbarelsen att han inte skulle se döden, förrän han hade sett Herrens Smorde.27 Ledd av Anden kom han till templet, och när föräldrarna bar in barnet Jesus för att göra med honom som det var sed enligt lagen —

Även Jesus beskrivs som en person som får kraft och vishet genom den helige Ande.

Luk 4:1 Uppfylld av den helige Ande återvände Jesus från Jordan och fördes av Anden omkring i öknen

Joh 1:33 Jag kände honom inte, men han som sände mig att döpa i vatten sade till mig: Den som du ser Anden komma ner och bli kvar över, han är den som döper i den helige Ande.

spiritDen helige Ande i det gamla testamentet

Den helige Ande var verksam även i GT, genom att ge kraft och vishet:

Jes. 63:39 I all deras nöd var ingen verklig nöd, ty hans ansiktes ängel frälste dem. I sin kärlek och medömkan återlöste han dem,han lyfte alltid upp dem och bar dem i forna dagar.10 Men de var upproriska,och bedrövade hans helige Ande. Därför blev han deras fiende, han stred själv mot dem.11 Då tänkte hans folk på gångna tider, de tänkte på Mose: Var är nu han som förde dem upp ur havet, tillsammans med herden för hans hjord? Var är han som lade sin helige Ande i deras bröst,12 han som lät sin härliga arm gå fram vid Moses högra sida, han som klöv vattnet framför dem och därmed gjorde sig ett evigt namn,13 han som förde dem genom djupen, så att de, likt springare i öknen, inte stapplade?14 Som när boskap går ner i dalen, fördes de av Herrens Ande till ro. Så ledde du ditt folk för att göra dig ett härligt namn.

2 Pet. 1:21 Ty ingen profetia har burits fram genom någon människas vilja, utan ledda av den helige Ande har människor talat vad de fått från Gud.

Mark. 12:36 David har själv sagt genom den helige Ande: Herren sade till min Herre: Sätt dig på min högra sida, tills jag har lagt dina fiender under dina fötter.

Apg 1:16 ”Mina bröder, det ord i Skriften måste uppfyllas som den helige Ande genom Davids mun hade förutsagt om Judas, han som blev vägvisare åt dem som grep Jesus.

Apg 28:25 Eftersom de inte kunde komma överens skildes de åt, sedan Paulus hade sagt detta enda ord: ”Den helige Ande talade rätt genom profeten Jesaja till era fäder

Självfallet har vi en fri vilja och därmed möjlighet att välja mellan att lyda den helige Ande eller inte:

Apg 5:3 Då sade Petrus: ”Ananias, varför har Satan uppfyllt ditt hjärta, så att du ljög mot den heligAnde och tog undan en del av pengarna för jorden?

Apg 7:51 Hårdnackade är ni och oomskurna till hjärta och öron. Alltid står ni emot den heligAnde, ni som era fäder.

1 Thess. 4:8 Därför, den som nu avvisar detta, avvisar inte en människa utan Gud, som har gett er sin helige Ande.

Hebr. 3:7 Därför säger den helige Ande: I dag, om ni hör hans röst, 8 så förhärda inte era hjärtan, som när era fäder väckte min förbittring på frestelsens dag i öknen.9 Där frestade de mig och satte mig på prov, fastän de såg mina gärningar under fyrtio år.10 Därför blev jag vred på detta släkte och sade: Alltid far de vilse i sina hjärtan. De vill inte veta av mina vägar.11 Då svor jag i min vrede: De skall aldrig komma in i min vila.

Hebr. 6:Ty de som en gång tagit emot ljuset och smakat den himmelska gåvan, fått del av den helige Ande och smakat det goda Gudsordet och den kommande världens krafter men sedan avfallit, dem är det omöjligt att föra till ny omvändelse, eftersom de själva på nytt korsfäster Guds Son och öppet hånar honom.

Gal. 5:16 Vad jag vill säga är detta: vandra i Anden, så kommer ni inte att göra vad köttet begär. 17 Ty köttet söker det som är emot Anden och Anden söker det som är emot köttet. De två strider mot varandra för att hindra er att göra det ni vill. 18 Men om ni leds av Anden, står ni inte under lagen. 19 Köttets gärningar är uppenbara: de är otukt, orenhet, lösaktighet, 20 avgudadyrkan, svartkonst, fiendskap, kiv, avund, vredesutbrott, gräl, splittringar, villoläror, 21 illvilja, fylleri, utsvävningar och annat sådant. Jag säger er i förväg vad jag redan har sagt: de som lever så skall inte ärva Guds rike.22 Andens frukt däremot är kärlek, glädje, frid, tålamod, vänlighet, godhet, 23 trohet, mildhet och självbehärskning. Sådant är lagen inte emot.[c24 De som tillhör Kristus Jesus har korsfäst sitt kött med dess lidelser och begär. 25 Om vi har liv genom Anden, låt oss då även följa Anden. 26 Låt oss inte söka tom ära, inte utmana varandra och inte avundas varandra.

Guds barn får den helige Ande som ett sigill, men många tror felaktigt att detta betyder något som under inga omständigheter går att bryta upp. Ett sigill är ett märke, och att vara andedöpt är förstås ett unikt särtecken som urskiljer kristna från icke kristna. Vi har dock fortfarande ansvaret för vår kontakt med Gud och att vara honom trogna:

1 Kor. 6:19 Eller vet ni inte att er kropp är ett tempel åt den heligAnde, som bor i er och som ni har fått av Gud, och att ni inte tillhör er själva?

Ef. 1:13 I honom har också ni, sedan ni hört det sanna budskapet, evangeliet om er frälsning, ja, i honom har också ni, sedan ni kommit till tro, tagit emot den utlovade heligAnde som ett sigill.

Ef. 4:30 Bedröva inte Guds heligAnde, som ni har fått som ett sigill för förlossningens dag. 

Rom. 12:1 Så förmanar jag nu er, bröder, vid Guds barmhärtighet, att frambära era kroppar som ett levande och heligt offer som behagar Gud – er andliga gudstjänst. 2 Och anpassa er inte efter den här världen, utan låt er förvandlas genom sinnets förnyelse, så att ni kan pröva vad som är Guds vilja, det som är gott och fullkomligt och som behagar honom. 

Joh. 1:9 Det sanna ljuset, som ger ljus åt alla människor, skulle nu komma till världen. 10 Han var i världen och världen hade blivit till genom honom, och världen kände honom inte. 11 Han kom till sitt eget, och hans egna tog inte emot honom. 12 Men åt alla som tog emot honom gav han rätt att bli Guds barn, åt dem som tror på hans namn.

PASSOVER in the Bible is celebrated as such in most Christian countries – and Easter does not derive from Ishtar

brödPassover is translated ”Easter” – a fact

Each year when it is getting closer to Easter there will always be some native English speakers (I would assume not only Americans) who claim that Christians should not be celebrating this holiday because it is related to paganism (Ishtar) and because Easter bunnies must be involved in the celebration. It is extremely difficult to get them to understand that the Biblical Passover is in fact still called Passover and celebrated as such in most Christian countries. Just because Easter bunnies pop up in America and other English-speaking countries, it does not mean that they do so in all countries. There is no obligation to celebrate the holiday with bunnies, and in fact not even all Americans do. Some call it the Resurrection Day, and that is fine too.

In short (to copy and paste):

Passover is apparently a day that we can still celebrate? (And it’s of course no obligation to celebrate it with pagan elements.) This means that I and many others can continue to celebrate the holiday which is called (and translated) ”Easter” in English speaking countries but which most countries have always called ”PASSOVER in their respective languages. It’s unfortunate that ”Easter” has been selected as the name of the holiday in English speaking countries and that some of the native English speakers therefore feel prevented from celebrating the Passover holiday together with the rest of the world – during a certain weekend in Spring. Perhaps calling this holiday weekend Pascha would solve the problem? It’s just strange and unfortunate that the whole world can freely celebrate the Passover (and they can choose to do this without paganism) but Americans and other native English speakers feel that they can’t join due to a name. 

Here are som FACTS about the holiday called Easter in English and Passover elsewhere

  1. The word PASSOVER is found in the Bible. In the KJV the word is found 72 times.
  2. The first time we come across the word it is in relation to the Exodus and the Jewish commemoration of it – where males had to be circumcised before they could participate (Ex. 12:48) and where a proper sacrifice had to be made. Ever since Calvary, the focus of the commemoration has changed from the Exodus to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ – our Passover Lamb – who offered his life for mankind during a Passover holiday. The Jewish Passover was a foreshadowing of the spotless Lamb of God whose blood would cover the sins of those who believe in him, causing God’s judgment to pass over them.
  3. Most Christian countries have continued to have Passover celebrations ever since Calvary, albeit not according to the old Jewish traditions (but with a focus on Calvary). The NAME of this holiday is PASSOVER in most such countries (naturally in their respective language).
  4. Now comes the fact that confuses so many English-speaking Christians: The holiday which is called PASSOVER in most non-English speaking countries, is translated into EASTER in English! We know it is the same holiday because ”Easter” is celebrated at the very same day/weekend as the rest of the Christian world where they call the same holiday ”Passover” (in their respective language). It is therefore not correct to say ”Passover is not Easter”. It is!
  5. The reason for this language difference is due to Tyndale’s choice to use the word ”Ester” in his English Bible translation rather than sticking with the Passover word. John Wycliffe before him (produced the first English Bible in 1382) had translated from the Latin and left the word pascha untranslated and called it pask/paske. The word Ester is Anglo-Saxon and not Babylonian. It was the common word for both Passover and Easter.
  6. Easter/Ester has nothing to do with Astarte (Ishtar in English), and it is not a safe linguistic method to assume that words which might sound alike in the English language are related to each other! You can end up with all sorts of craziness by making such assumptions.
  7.  Just because America and some other countries include Easter bunnies in the holiday, it does not mean that all countries have this pagan element. Sure, there might be other pagan elements involved depending on country, but there is NO OBLIGATION to celebrate the holiday with any such things.
  8. The Bible does not prohibit anyone from celebrating the Passover (Easter) holiday with a focus on the perfect Passover Lamb. Nor does the Bible teach Christians to talk other Christians out of celebrating it.

Even wikipedia says: ”In most European languages the feast called Easter in English is termed by the words for passover in those languages and in the older English versions of the Bible the term Easter was the term used to translate passover.”

Col. 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

Each year at the time of the Passover, children ask their parents why they are celebrating it (see Ex. 12:24-27; Deut. 6:20-23) and that continues to be a wonderful fact even today even if Calvary is the focus rather than Exodus (they are intertwined). Children (and adults) will continue to ask questions such as ”Why are we off from school/work today, and why are all the stores closed?”, ”Why do we celebrate Easter?”, ”What is Good Friday and what happened on the first Good Friday?” Why did Jesus die for the world?”, ”Why did he have to suffer on the cross?”, etc. These questions are often the cause of further discussions about the Bible, and if Christians are present they have a great chance to spread the gospel. Also in secular countries JESUS CHRIST is the focus, and Christian communities do not have to pay a dime to let his name be spread around the country through radio, TV, and other news media. This is done totally free of charge.

Believe it or not, but despite that the name of Jesus Christ is spread freely in so many secular countries during Easter, the Ascension day, Pentecost, Christmas, etc, there are Christians (English-speaking) who are not happy about it! They would prefer that most of these days immediately ceased to exist because they are convinced that they are pagan and that God does not like them. Let us assume for a minute that the Christmas celebration was ”pagan” a few hundred years ago (which is not a fact). Would God really be upset if we eliminated this pagan holiday by placing a Christian holiday in its stead? Would he have preferred if we let the pagan holidays be, and if we avoided new Christian celebrations? Where is that verse in the Bible, where God dislikes seeing Christians commemorating the birth of Jesus, the crucifixion, the resurrection, etc?

Or do they perhaps suggest a scenario which is a total utopia, where Christians gather in churches totally free from all falsehood, where Christianity is spreading  like crazy, etc? Is the best way to reach this goal to get rid of Passover (Easter), Christmas, etc? Would that be the great starting point to reach a higher level? Unfortunately it is quite possible that they will get what they want in the near future when we get closer to a world government, and where eliminating all religious holidays will be one step on the way. In that way Jesus Christ will be an even more forgotten name. Let us be thankful for each year that we have our Christian holidays intact.

Another article about Easter.

Vad ska jag GÖRA för gott för att få evigt liv, enligt Jesus egna ord? – Matt. 19:16

rattfardig-3Hur fjäderlätt är egentligen det kors vi ska bära?

När Jesus tillfrågades av en ung man vad han måste GÖRA för att få evigt liv, så svarade Jesus inte ”Ingenting eftersom lagen i sig är omöjlig att lyda och dessutom är även de goda sakerna som du gör såsom smutsiga trasor inför Gud”, och han svarade heller inte ”Tro allena!”. I stället så svarade Jesus med att lista upp vad den ungen mannen förväntades GÖRA. Precis det som mannen efterfrågade.

I princip säger Jesus att vi måste lyda följande bud, förutom att förstås älska Gud över allting annat:

  1. inte döda/mörda
  2. inte begå äktenskapsbrott
  3. inte stjäla
  4. inte ljuga (sprida falskt förtal)  
  5. hedra sin fader och sin moder 
  6. älska sin nästa som sig själv  

Detta kan vi se i Matteus evangelium:  

Matt. 19:16 En man kom fram till Jesus och frågade: ”Mästare, vad skall jag göra för gott för att få evigt liv?” 17 Jesus sade till honom: ”Varför frågar du mig om det goda? En är den Gode, och vill du gå in i livet, så håll buden.” 18 Han frågade honom: ”Vilka?” Jesus svarade: ”Du skall inte mörda, Du skall inte begå äktenskapsbrott, Du skall inte stjäla, Du skall inte vittna falskt, 19 Hedra din far och mor och Du skall älska din nästa som dig själv.” 20 Då sade den unge mannen till Jesus: ”Allt detta har jag hållit. Vad är det mer som fattas?” 21 Jesus svarade: ”Vill du vara fullkomlig, gå och sälj vad du äger och ge åt de fattiga. Då skall du få en skatt i himlen. Och kom sedan och följ mig.” 22 När den unge mannen hörde detta, gick han bedrövad sin väg, ty han ägde mycket.

Enligt Markus evangelium så verkar Jesus utgå ifrån att den unge mannen redan är bekant med buden som bör hållas. ”Du skall inte mörda, Du skall inte begå äktenskapsbrott, Du skall inte stjäla, Du skall inte vittna falskt, Du skall inte ta ifrån någon det som är hans, Hedra din far och din mor.”

Mark. 10:17 När Jesus fortsatte sin vandring, sprang en man fram, föll på knä för honom och frågade: ”Gode Mästare, vad skall jag göra för att ärva evigt liv?” 18 Jesus sade till honom: ”Varför kallar du mig god? Ingen är god utom en, och det är Gud. 19 Buden känner du: Du skall inte mörda, Du skall inte begå äktenskapsbrott, Du skall inte stjäla, Du skall inte vittna falskt, Du skall inte ta ifrån någon det som är hans, Hedra din far och din mor.20 Mannen sade: ”Mästare, allt detta har jag hållit sedan jag var ung.”

Enligt Lukas evangelium svarade Jesus den unge mannen att han (den unge mannen) svarade rätt när han listade följande saker som måste göras för att få evigt liv: ”Du skall älska Herren din Gud av hela ditt hjärta och av hela din själ och av hela din kraft och av hela ditt förstånd, och din nästa som dig själv”.

Lukas 10:25 Då kom en laglärd fram och ville snärja honom och frågade: ”Mästare, vad skall jag göra för att få evigt liv?” 26 Jesus sade till honom: ”Vad står skrivet i lagen? Vad läser du där?” 27 Han svarade: ”Du skall älska Herren din Gud av hela ditt hjärta och av hela din själ och av hela din kraft och av hela ditt förstånd, och din nästa som dig själv.” 28 Jesus sade till honom: ”Du svarade rätt. Gör det, så får du leva.

En man i ledarställning (ἄρχων, Strong’s 758) skulle kunna handla om samma unge man, men budskapet är hur som helst detsamma:

Lukas 18:18 En man i hög ställning frågade Jesus: ”Gode Mästare, vad skall jag göra för att få evigt liv?” 19 Jesus sade till honom: ”Varför kallar du mig god? Ingen är god utom en, och det är Gud. 20 Buden känner du: Du skall inte begå äktenskapsbrott, Du skall inte mörda, Du skall inte stjäla, Du skall inte vittna falskt, Hedra din far och din mor.”  

Den unge mannen skulle kunna ha nöjt sig med svaren och gått därifrån, men i stället stannade han kvar och samtalade vidare med Jesus. Han menade på att han redan följt buden, och Jesus bad denne unge mannen (vi får även reda på att han är rik) att sälja det han äger för att ge till de fattiga. Om han vill vara perfekt vill säga. Det fanns alltså ytterligare saker som han skulle kunna göra, men det handlar inte om ytterligare specifika bud som ska lydas. Jesus säger inget annat än exempelvis Jakob – tro utan gärningar är död. Jesus uppmanar inte alla i hela världen att sälja precis allt de äger till de första fattiga de träffar, utan det var just denne unge man som Jesus hade i tankarna. Inte heller denne unge man förväntades göra sig av med samtliga sina ägodelar, för även Jesus och hans lärljungar ägde saker utan att skämmas. De flesta av oss behöver ägodelar för att utföra arbeten, för att äta, sova, hålla oss varma, transportera oss, etc.

Jesus säger ingenstans att det är omöjligt att vara honom trogen. För en man som lever av världen och är en ”naturlig” man är det visserligen omöjligt att tjäna Gud – en person som är mer fäst vid sina ägodelar än kontakten med Gud – men Gud erbjuder oss möjligheten att bli fria från våra synder och bli ledda av den helige Ande.

Älska Gud och sin nästa som sig självseek God

Alla de bud som Jesus listade kan inkluderas i två bud. 1) älska Gud över allting, och 2) älska sin nästa som sig själv. Om vi älskar Gud och vår nästa (så som Gud befaller) så har vi uppfyllt lagen:

Matt.22:36 ”Mästare, vilket är det största budet i lagen?” 37 Han svarade: ”Du skall älska Herren din Gud av hela ditt hjärta och av hela din själ och av hela ditt förstånd.38 Detta är det största och främsta budet. 39 Sedan kommer ett som liknar det: Du skall älska din nästa som dig själv. 40 På dessa två bud hänger hela lagen och profeterna.”

Mark. 12:28 En av de skriftlärda som hörde dem diskutera fann att Jesus hade gett dem ett bra svar. Han kom fram till honom och frågade: ”Vilket är det största av alla buden?” 29 Jesus svarade: ”Det största är detta: Hör Israel! Herren, vår Gud, Herren är en,30 och du skall älska Herren din Gud av hela ditt hjärta, av hela din själ, av hela ditt förstånd och av hela din kraft. 31 Sedan kommer detta: Du skall älska din nästa som dig själv. Inget annat bud är större än dessa.” 32 Den skriftlärde sade: ”Du har rätt, Mästare, det är sant som du säger. Han är en, och det finns ingen annan än han. 33 Och att älska honom av hela sitt hjärta och av hela sitt förstånd och av hela sin kraft och att älska sin nästa som sig själv, det är mer än alla brännoffer och andra offer.” 34 När Jesus hörde att mannen hade svarat förståndigt, sade han till honom: ”Du är inte långt från Guds rike.” Sedan vågade ingen fråga honom längre.

3 Mos. 19:18 Du skall inte hämnas och inte hysa agg mot någon av ditt folk, utan du skall älska din nästa som dig själv. Jag är Herren.

Joh. 13:34 Ett nytt bud ger jag er, att ni skall älska varandra. Så som jag har älskat er skall också ni älska varandra.

Joh. 14:15 Om ni älskar mig, håller ni fast vid mina bud

Joh. 15:12 Detta är mitt bud att ni skall älska varandra så som jag har älskat er.

Gal. 5:14 Ty hela lagen är uppfylld i detta enda budord: Du skall älska din nästa som dig själv. —18 Men om ni leds av Anden, står ni inte under lagen.

Rom. 13:8 Stå inte i skuld till någon utom i kärlek tillvarandra. Ty den som älskar sin nästa har uppfyllt lagen.

Jak. 2:8 Om ni uppfyller den konungsliga lagen enligt Skriften: Du skall älska din nästa som dig själv, då handlar ni rätt.

Fler verser om att uppfylla lagen

Många gör misstaget att de gör buden för lätta eller för svåra. Om buden reduceras eller kanske stryks (som när Satan lurar Eva att Guds bud inte behöver hållas) så kan det leda till människor lättare tar steget för att bryta dem för det ändå inte så allvarligt? ”Gud älskar dig som du är”, brukar det heta. Om däremot nästan ”allting” är synd så kan det leda till att man ger upp och tar steget att utföra verklig synd eftersom det ändå är kört. Men vi har förmågan att leva i seger över synden. Vi har även den helige Ande till hjälp.

Matt. 23:26 Du blinde farisé, GÖR FÖRST INSIDAN AV BÄGAREN REN, så blir också utsidan ren.

Joh. 3:21 Men den som lyder sanningen kommer till ljuset, för att det skall bli uppenbart att hans gärningar är gjorda i Gud.”—36 Den som tror på Sonen har evigt liv. Den som inte lyder Sonen skall inte se livet, utan Guds vrede blir kvar över honom.” 

Mark. 7:Ni upphäver Guds bud och håller er till människors stadgar.”Han sade också till dem: ”Ni upphäver fullkomligt Guds bud för att hålla fast vid era egna stadgar. 10 Mose har sagt: Hedra din far och din mor och: Den som förbannar sin far eller sin mor skall straffas med döden. 11 Men ni påstår att om någon säger till sin far eller mor: Vad du kunde ha fått av mig ger jag i stället som ‘korban’, som offergåva,12 då tillåter ni honom inte längre att göra något för sin far eller mor. 13 Ni upphäver Guds ord genom de stadgar som ni följer och för vidare. Och mycket annat sådant gör ni.”

Missionsbefallningen. Vad ska vi lära folk enligt Jesus? Vem blir störst i himmelriket?:

Matt. 28:19 Gå därför ut och gör alla folk till lärjungar! Döp dem i Faderns och Sonens och den helige Andes namn 20 och lär dem att hålla allt vad jag har befallt er. Och se, jag är med er alla dagar intill tidens slut.”

Matt. 5:17 Tro inte att jag har kommit för att upphäva lagen eller profeterna. Jag har inte kommit för att upphäva utan för att fullborda.18 Amen säger jag er: Innan himmel och jord förgår, skall inte en enda bokstav, inte en prick i lagen förgå, förrän allt har skett.19 Den som därför upphäver ett av dessa minsta bud och lär människorna så, han skall kallas den minste i himmelriket. Men DEN SOM HÅLLER DEM OCH LÄR MÄNNISKORNA DEM, han skall kallas stor i himmelriket. 20 Jag säger er att om er rättfärdighet inte går långt utöver de skriftlärdas och fariseernas, skall ni inte komma in i himmelriket.

Jesus ord om frihet, som inte betyder frihet att synda utan konsekvenser:

Joh 8:31 Jesus sade till de judar som hade satt tro till honom: ”Om ni förblir i mitt ord, är ni verkligen mina lärjungar32 och ni skall förstå sanningen, och sanningen skall göra er fria.” 33 De svarade honom: ”Vi är Abrahams barn och har aldrig varit slavar under någon. Hur kan du säga att vi skall bli fria?” 34 Jesus svarade: ”Amen, amen säger jag er: Var och en som gör synd är syndens slav. 35 Slaven bor inte kvar i huset för alltid, men sonen stannar där för alltid. 36 Om nu Sonen gör er fria, blir ni verkligen fria. 36 Om nu Sonen gör er fria, blir ni verkligen fria. 37 Jag vet att ni är Abrahams barn, men ni vill döda mig därför att ni inte förstår mitt ord.38 Jag talar vad jag har sett hos min Fader. Ni gör vad ni har hört av er fader.”39 De svarade honom: ”Vår fader är Abraham.” Jesus sade: ”Om ni vore Abrahams barn, skulle ni göra Abrahams gärningar.—51 Amen, amen säger jag er: Den som bevarar mitt ord skall aldrig någonsin se döden.”

Tidigare hade judarna 613 tydliga lagar för att hållas i schack och vara goda föredömen. Idag har vi den helige Ande som leder oss rätt, och om vi leds av Anden är vi inte under lagen. Med bara en liten kontakt med Gud blir det därmed svårare att välja den rätta vägen. Johannes och Paulus förklarar vad det innebär att älska Gud:

1 Joh. 2:3 Och av det VET vi att vi känner honom: OM vi håller hans bud. 4. Den som säger: Jag känner honom, och inte håller hans bud, han är en lögnare, och sanningen är inte i honom. 5. Men den som håller hans ord, i honom är sannerligen Guds kärlek fullkomnad. Av det vet vi att vi är i honom. 6. Den som säger sig förbli i honom är också skyldig att vandra så som han vandrade.

1 Joh. 4:7 Mina älskade, låt oss älska varandra, ty kärleken är av Gud, och var och en som älskar är född av Gud och känner Gud.Den som inte älskar har inte lärt känna Gud, ty Gud är kärlek. Så uppenbarades Guds kärlek till oss: han sände sin enfödde Son till världen för att vi skulle leva genom honom. 10 Kärleken består inte i att vi har älskat Gud utan i att han har älskat oss och sänt sin Son till försoning för våra synder.11 Mina älskade,om Gud älskade oss så högt, är också vi skyldiga att älska varandra.12 Ingen har någonsin sett Gud. Om vi älskar varandra förblir Gud i oss, och hans kärlek har nått sitt mål i oss.14 Vi har sett och vittnar om att Fadern har sänt sin Son som världens Frälsare. 15 Den som bekänner att Jesus är Guds Son, i honom förblir Gud och han själv förblir i Gud. 16 Och vi har lärt känna den kärlek som Gud har till oss och tror på den.Gud är kärlek och den som förblir i kärleken förblir i Gud, och Gud förblir i honom.17 I detta har kärleken nått sitt mål hos oss: att vi är frimodiga på domens dag. Ty sådan han är, sådana är också vi i den här världen. 18 Rädsla finns inte i kärleken, utan den fullkomliga kärleken driver ut rädslan. Rädslan hör ju samman med straff, och den som är rädd är inte fullkomnad i kärleken. 19 Vi älskar därför att han först har älskat oss. 20 Om någon säger att han älskar Gud och hatar sin broder, så är han en lögnare. Ty den som inte älskar sin broder som han har sett, kan inte älska Gud som han inte har sett. 21 Och detta är det bud som vi har från honom, att den som älskar Gud också skall älska sin broder. 

1 Joh. 5:När vi älskar Gud och håller hans bud, då vet vi att vi älskar Guds barn. Detta är kärleken till Gud: att vi håller hans bud. Och hans bud är inte tunga. Ty allt som är fött av Gud besegrar världen, och detta är den seger som har besegrat världen: vår tro. Vem kan besegra världen utom den som tror att Jesus är Guds Son? Det är han som kom genom vatten och blod, Jesus Kristus, inte bara genom vattnet, utan genom vattnet och blodet. Och det är Anden som vittnar, eftersom Anden är sanningen.—17 All orättfärdighet är synd, men det finns synd som inte är till döds.18 Vi vet att ingen som är född av Gud syndar. Han som är född av Gud bevarar honom, så att den onde inte kan röra honom.

Gal. 3:19 Varför gavs då lagen? Den blev tillagd för överträdelsernas skull för att gälla tills avkomlingen skulle träda fram, han som löftet gällde. —21 Strider då lagen mot Guds löften? Nej, inte alls. Om vi hade fått en lag som kunde ge liv, då hade verkligen rättfärdigheten kommit av lagen.—23 Innan tron kom hölls vi i fängsligt förvar och var bevakade av lagen, tills tron skulle uppenbaras. 24 Så blev lagen vår övervakare fram till Kristus, för att vi skall förklaras rättfärdiga av tro. 25 Men sedan tron har kommit, står vi inte längre under någon övervakare.

Läs på engelska här.

Lucifer, the morning star, who is Satan and the devil – Isaiah 14:12

satan”And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven” Luke 10:18

Satan in the New Testament is a translation from the Greek masculine noun Σατανᾶς (Satanas, Strong’s 2567) corresponding to Σατάν (Satan, 4566). He is understood as the accuser, i.e. the devil and an adversary (one who opposes someone in purpose or act). He is the name given to the prince of evil spirits who  encourages people to sin and incites apostasy from God. He is also believed to be in control of his demons (spirits of fallen angels) who can take possession of people and inflict them with diseases. Satan will be overcome on Christ’s return from heaven and bound with chains for a thousand years. When this time has passed he will walk the earth yet again, but will eventually be given over to eternal punishment. According to Blueletterbible Satan is used 27 times in the KJV (Strong’s 7854).

The question is then if Satan is the same as Lucifer, which is an expression found in Is. 14:12 and is a latin translation of the Hebrew word heylel (Strong’s 1966) – used once in the Bible. The expression ”Lucifer, Son of the morning” (KJV) is the translation from heylel ben Shachar (Strong’s 1966, 1121, 7837). The English translation Lucifer derives from the Latin term lucem ferre, which holds the meaning of light-bearer, the shining one, the morning-star, and apart from a good description of Satan (before he fell) it is a close connection to the king of Babylon based on the passage in Isaiah. The unnamed King of Babylon in chapter 14 is condemned in a prophetic vision and is called the ”morning star” (Venus is ”wandering star” visible at dawn). It could be a description of an attempt to usurp kingly power, like the failed regency of Belshazzar. Much like Satan, who did the same thing (see Ezekiel below).

Unlike the English expression, the Latin words were not used exclusively to describe this particular person in Is. 14:12. Jerome’s latin translation in the Vulgate is not in error, and he did not use capital letters in the expression (thus not rendering it a personal name). The Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Old Testament) renders the same expression ἑωσφόρος (heōsphoros) which could be translated ”bringer of dawn”, which is not too far off from Jerome’s result.

If the bringer of light spoken about (lucem ferre) is not Satan, who is he, and why does the description of him sound like the background of Satan? The king of Babylon did not fall from heaven, but he seems to be compared to a shiny bring being falling from heaven.

Is. 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! (how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of THE PIT.16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;17 That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?18 All the kings of the nations, even all of them, lie in glory, every one in his own house.19 But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.

”The sons of God” below are angels (see article) and Satan came together with them to approach the Lord God. If Satan is the same as Lucifer, it makes sense that he might have this type of conversation with God. This conversation proves that Satan is a real being, and not an abstract principle such as ”sin”.

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them.7 And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.8 And the Lord said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?9 Then Satan answered the Lord, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought?10 Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.11 But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face.12 And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord. See also Job 2. 

More examples from the old testament that Satan can be a real person:

1 Chron. 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.

Ps. 109:6 Let thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

Zech. 3:1 And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. 2 And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?

But the same Hebrew word can also be used as a principle against God or a ”Satanic” (God-hating) being who acts on behalf of Satan:

2 Sa. 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel?

1 Ki. 5:4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent.

1 Ki. 11:14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king’s seed in Edom.—23 And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah — 25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad did: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.

This reminds us of the New Testament idea that there are many antichrists but also a specific person/being called antichrist who will appear in the last time. An antichrist is a deceiver, and the highest form of deception is someone who acts against God – such as objecting to Jesus being the Christ and the Messiah (God in flesh). Satan is against Christ, so he is the antichrist.

1 John 2:18 Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.

2 John 1:7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

nephilim3

We also have the famous passage in Ez. 28, which is addressed to the prince/king of Tyrus, with a parallel to Satan who had a similar problem with pride and subsequent defeat and disaster. We can read about someone who has a heart which is lifted up (against God) because of his riches, someone claiming to be God, someone who is perfect in beauty, someone who is extraordinary BRIGHT (repeated several times), someone who shall be brought down to the pit, someone who has been in the garden of Eden covered in precious stones, someone who is a cherub (an angel) and created so by God, someone who was on the holy mountain of God, walking on stones of fire, someone who was perfect in his ways until iniquity was found in him, someone who is cast to the ground by God due to his sin, someone who has corrupted his wisdom due to his beautiful brightness, etc. Clearly this is not the prince of Tyrus, but a comparison can be made when it comes to pride and corruption – and it is also forming a prophesy.

Ez. 28:2 Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord God; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God:—5 By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:6 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Because thou hast set thine heart as the heart of God;7 Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon thee, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, and they shall defile thy brightness.8 They shall bring thee down to the pit, and thou shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in the midst of the seas.9 Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee, I am God? but thou shalt be a man, and no God, in the hand of him that slayeth thee—12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord God; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee. 

The book of the secrets of Enoch (or Slavonic Enoch or 2 Enoch)

The book of Enoch (referred to in the Bible, so of high value) describes the look of the bright angels, and how one angel in particular is thrown out of heaven together with his subordinate angels. The reason for this ordeal is due to this angel’s proud attempt to be equal to God. We can recognize the description from the Bible, where it is describing Satan.

29:2 And from the rock I cut off a great fire, and from the fire I created the orders of the incorporeal ten troops of angels, and their weapons are fiery and their raiment a burning flame, and I commanded that each one should stand in his order.3 And one from out the order of angels, having turned away with the order that was under him, conceived an impossible thought, to place his throne higher than the clouds above the earth, that he might become equal in rank to my power.4 And I threw him out from the height with his angels, and he was flying in the air continuously above the bottomless.

31:4 The devil is the evil spirit of the lower places, as a fugitive he made Sotona from the heavens as his name was Satanail (Satan), thus he became different from the angels, (but his nature) did not change (his) intelligence as far as (his) understanding of righteous and sinful (things).5 And he understood his condemnation and the sin which he had sinned before, therefore he conceived thought against Adam, in such form he entered and seduced Eva (Eve), but did not touch Adam. 

The book of Enoch (or 1 Enoch, or Ethiopian Enoch)

86:1 And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, Again I looked attentively, while sleeping, and I saw the heaven above, and surveyed heaven above. and behold a star fell from heaven, 2. And behold a single star fell from heaven. and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those oxen.—3 And again I saw in the vision, and looked towards the heaven, and behold I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven to that first star, and they became bulls amongst those cattle and pastured with them

88:1 And I saw one of those four who had come forth first, and he seized that first star which had fallen from the heaven and bound it hand and foot and cast it into an abyss: now that abyss was narrow and deep, and horrible and dark.

Lucifer is referred to as the morning star, Venus, which is one of the seven wandering stars (and not part of a star constellation). Enoch explains that the future for those independent stars will not be very bright:

1 Enoch 21:1. And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. 2. And I saw there something horrible: I saw neither a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible. 3. And there I saw seven stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and burning with fire. 4. Then I said: ‘For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in hither?’ 5. Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them, and said: ‘Enoch, why dost thou ask, and why art thou eager for the truth? 6. These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound here till ten thousand years, the time entailed by their sins, are consummated.’  

Jude 13:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

Origen interpreted such passages as being about manifestations of the devil, and so did  Tertullian. Calvin and Luther, on the other hand, did not – which maybe is not surprising considering the multitudes of new doctrines they have invented.

Jesus is the morning star 

Jesus is also called the morning star, because he is our true permanent bright LIGHT, and he will never lose his brightness the way Satan did. In the new Jerusalem there will not a need for the sun since the lamb (Jesus Christ) will be our light.

The mention of the morning star in the Bible:

Job 38:4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.—7 When the morning stars (boqer Strong’s 1242 + kowkab Strong’s 3556) sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

2 Pet. 1:15 Moreover I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance.16 For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.17 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.18 And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:20 Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Rev. 2:26 And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:27 And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.28 And I will give him the morning star.

Rev. 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

Why are both Satan and Jesus Christ both resembling a morning star? Satan seems to have been the brightest of angels before his fall, and he has been chasing the son of God ever since the first pages of the Bible, where we can read about God’s prophesy ”I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel” (Gen. 3:15).

We can also read about the seed in Daniel which seems to be saying that in the last days seeds will be mixed inappropriately just like they were (due to the fallen angels) prior to the flood (described both in the book of Enoch and the book of Jasher, both books mentioned in the Bible) and which caused God to let the whole earth be covered with water. The next time the earth will be affected by fire.

Dan. 2:43 And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.

Scientists are already now making advanced experimentations with mixing of seeds/sperms. (If you want to read more about the situation with the disastrous mixing of animals before the flood, you can read more in the previously mentioned books.)

satan-i-kampThe beast in the bottomless pit – who was, is not and yet is

Something else that will happen during the same time is something extraordinary. Someone called Apollyon is presently trapped in the bottomless pit. This place has not yet been discovered during a hike or on the way to work, but some Christians (like Stephen Quayle) believe this pit is situated in Antarctica. Apollyon is believed to have multiple names, and one speculation is Nimrod. (In order to not go down the rabbit hole and make this article too long, I will leave it at that.) Apollyon is described as both a beast and an angel, and also a king and leader of the below described ”locusts”.

Rev. 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.— 11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

Rev. 11:And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.— 7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

Rev. 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

Rev. 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

Satan in the New Testament

We can read about the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience in Eph. 2:2, the devil disputing with Michael about the body of Moses (Jude 1:9) and most importantly the dragon of the Book of Revelation ”who is called the devil and Satan” (Revelation 12:9; 20:2).

Matt. 4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Matt. 12:26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand?

Mark 3:23 And he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables, How can Satancast out Satan? — 26 And if Satan rise up against himself, and be divided, he cannot stand, but hath an end.

Matt. 16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.

Mark. 8:33 But when he had turned about and looked on his disciples, he rebuked Peter, saying, Get thee behind me, Satan: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but the things that be of men.

Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.

Mark 4:15 And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.

Luke 13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?

Luke 12:3 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

John 13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.

Rom 16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

1 Cor. 5:5 To deliver such an one unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

1 Cor. 7:5 Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.

2 Cor. 2:11 Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.

2 Cor. 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

2 Cor. 12:7 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.

1 Thess. 2:18 Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us.

2 Thess. 2:9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders

2 Tim. 1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

1 Tim. 5:15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.

Rev. 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.—13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.—24 But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you none other burden.

Rev. 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

Rev. 12:7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,8 And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.12 Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.13 And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.14 And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.15 And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood.16 And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

Rev. 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

Freemasonry?

The Taxil hoax is named after Léo Taxil (1854–1907) who claimed that the freemason Albert Pike promoted the idea that Lucifer was God and in opposition to the evil god Adonai. Freemasonry Disclosed,  1897:

”With frightening cynicism, the miserable person we shall not name here [Taxil] declared before an assembly especially convened for him that for twelve years he had prepared and carried out to the end the most sacrilegious of hoaxes. We have always been careful to publish special articles concerning Palladism and Diana Vaughan. We are now giving in this issue a complete list of these articles, which can now be considered as not having existed.”