King David said ”In sin did my MOTHER conceive me”, but it’s no support for a sinful nature Ps. 51:5

Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me (Ps. 51:5)

This verse concerns two people – King David and his mother*). No one else is spoken about so we can’t assume that all the people in the world are referred to here. The event spoken of is the conception of David and not the birth of David, and David is not saying that he was born as a sinner but possibly that his mother was in sin when she got pregnant. It could very well be that she was sinning when she conceived him, and a case could be made that this verse is talking about the defilement of David’s mother – because she was previously the wife (or concubine) of a heathen king.

The book of psalms is a poetic book and this means that it can be taken literally or figuratively depending on the context, so we must therefore be careful so we won’t end up starting a new doctrine based on pure poetry. It’s never a good idea to take a verse from Psalms, Proverbs or other poetic texts, to make a doctrine out of it which is contrary to other more clear verses in the Bible. We can reach all kinds of crazy conclusions with such methods. This particular verse in Psalms has often been used as an attempt to prove that David and ALL people under the sun are born in sin, but it fails miserably.

Some facts concerning David and his mother

David had two half-sisters (1 Chron. 2:13-16), and their father was not Jesse but Nahash (2 Sam. 17:25) who was an Ammonite king (1 Sam. 11:1). David’s mother might have been a second wife of Jesse. Perhaps the first wife of Jesse was considered superior to his second wife, because this would explain why David’s half brothers viewed themselves as superior to David and why David was not called before Samuel among the other sons – as he was possibly viewed as an illegitimate child (1 Sam. 16:11). We can speculate further that perhaps David’s mother was not married to Jesse when she became pregnant, or maybe she was still the concubine of, or married to Nahash when she conceived David. Moreover, we can’t rule out that it might be as per this story, reminding us about Jacob and Leah + her sister Rachel. If this story is applicable, then Jesse is indeed David’s father without even knowing it due to a sneaky plan carried out by his wife, and David’s brothers would regard him as an illegitimate and hated son of their mother. Either way, this poetic psalm simply cannot be used as support for that man is born with a sinful nature.

Psalm 69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother’s children.— 19 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries are all before thee.—21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.22 Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap.

David was not blaming his sin on his birth, but he was simply stating that even the circumstances related to his birth were surrounded by sin, and he also says that he was ”wonderfully” and ”marvelously” made by God in the womb (Ps. 139:13-14). David is in Psalms 51 speaking to the Lord but he is not trying to ask God for forgiveness for that he (David) had the nerve to be born with a sinful nature – because that would hardly be David’s fault. On the contrary, sin at birth would be something that he could blame God for IF it were true – which it isn’t.

Psalms 51 starts out saying

Psalm 51:1 Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out MY transgressions.2 Wash me throughly from MINE iniquity, and cleanse me from MY sin.3 For I acknowledge MY transgressions: and MY sin is ever before me. Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest.

If a person has an intimate relationship and conceives against the law of God, whose sin is it? The person who conceives or the baby that is conceived? Clearly it’s the former since the one being conceived doesn’t have any choice in the matter – which our righteous God is well aware of. We are sinners when we break the law of God, and it’s not a sin to be conceived or to be born into this world – neither is it evil.

Psalms 51 goes on to say:

Psalm 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 8Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice…

Few would read this in a LITERAL sense. Can hyssop really make our sins go away, and can broken bones rejoice? Poetry might speak the whole truth or it might mirror the truth poetically. David was in jeopardy of losing the Spirit, because God had broken the covenant with him:.

Psalm 51:11 ”Cast me not away from thy presence; AND TAKE NOT THY HOLY SPIRIT FROM ME.” 

In Ps. 51:14 David is talking about ”bloodguiltyness”, and it’s possible that he compares himself with his mother who also sinned in a similar way during his conception. This could explain his comparison with his mother in the previous verses.

Also compare with these verses:

Psalm 22:But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother’s breasts.10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother’s belly.

Psalm 139:14 I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.

None of the early church fathers the first 250+ years AD (with no exception) taught that man is born with a sinful nature (which you can read in this article with quotes from Ignatius, Irenaeus, etc) and the popularity of the idea of original sin can actually be traced back to Augustine (a former gnostic) and blamed on him. If neither the Bible nor the old church fathers taught original sin, but the contrary, we know we are on the wrong path if we still teach it.

Do read my blog post about Romans 5 (and the non-existent sinful nature) in this article

*) According to Midrashim, King David’s mother was Nitzebet.


12 tankar om “King David said ”In sin did my MOTHER conceive me”, but it’s no support for a sinful nature Ps. 51:5

  1. Simply a question from a friend on FB(I ask you here):

    >> could this verse be talking about the child that was born when king David had sex with Bathsheba? Because the title for this chapter is ”A Prayer of Repentance
    To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David when Nathan the prophet went to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.” – WHAT DO YOU SAY?


  2. Hey Bjork

    I had this revelation a while ago
    There is a bit of confusion when it comes to david’s original mother,
    and his 2 step sisters both being the daughters of Jesse,
    Keep up the good work Buddy

    David was dejected from his age of innocence
    Which is beautiful because the Father found him and named his ”Da-weed” ie Beloved.


  3. Servant of God I greet you in Jesus Name.
    Just i am confusion! to hear the reality to the Father of King James? if possible could you explain it to me? God bless you.
    I am Theodore from Rwanda Country.


    • Greetings in Jesus name
      I’m not sure I understood your question. This article is about king David and not King James. The real father of King David is likely Jesse.


  4. What’s Romans 3:23 saying? What’s Romans 5:18 saying? What was Jesus saying in John 3:3? ”Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except A MAN (anyone) be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” – Kjv. Jesus was laying emphasis on the importance of new birth for every creature. It goes beyond sins of commission but the depraved, fallen nature of man.


    • Hey there

      If you have a chance, do read my other articles about those exact Bible verses. When you read Rom. 5:18, don’t forget to read also Rom. 5:19. If ALL are automatically lost in Adam, then the very same ALL are automatically righteous in Christ. But this would be universalism. The context is a big help.

      Man does not have a fallen nature, but you’re right that we must be born again. We are created to seek God (Acts 17), and we must believe in Christ and repent from our sins so that we can be forgiven/cleansed/born again/generated.



  5. My question is this: What scriptures support the idea that the sins of the parents are passed on to the child at conception? My husband and I just had a conversation about the state of mind we are in when a child is conceived and how those thoughts are passed on to the child and becomes a part of him/her. Thanks for your help.


    • Hello Dee

      That is a good question, because there are no such Bible verses. We can read the exact opposite in the Bible – that sinning is something we DO, and nothing that we can inherit. Sinning is transgressing the law of God, but being conceived is not a sin, and neither is being born.

      Many of the false ideas we can hear in our churches today can be traced back to Augustine, and he influenced both Luther and Calvin. Some Christians try to read Original Sin in Rom. 5, but the chapter says no such thing. We can read that *death* (not *sin*) passed on to all men, and also why. Because they sinned. Not because Adam sinned and they inherited this sin.



  6. Ohh jag är så ond, jag äter räkor och fläsk, jag helgar inte sabbaten, jag bär kläder gjorda av olika materiel, jag tittar med lust på kvinnor, jag bryr mig inte om vad homos gör, jag har tankebrott, så säg mig ni bigotta hur skall jag behandlas?


    • Jag har redan kommenterat det där. Vet inte om du läser mina svar men det är ingen synd att bära kläder av olika material. Du är väl ingen jude, och du levde väl inte under Exodus? Du verkar ha en förkärlek att lägga till saker i Bibeln som inte står.



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