Augustine, a former gnostic, lived between 354 and 430 AD, and introduced the following heretical views into church and made them popular
1. Absolute predestination (God decides who will be saved/doomed)
2. Impossibility of falling away or apostasy (Eternal Security)
3. Man has no free will (monergism)
4. One cannot know if he/she is saved (since also those who are carnal minded might be saved)
5. God commands impossibilities (God requesting man to stop sinning which he cannot do)
6. The supreme authority of the Roman church
8. Prayers for the dead
9. The damnation of unbaptized infants and adults
10. Sex is sinful also within a marriage because depravity is inherited (hence the rise of monasteries)
11. Mary never committed sin, and we do well to worship her/pray to/through her
12. The gifts of healing, prophecy and tongues have ceased
13. Apocrypha is included in the Scriptures
14. Eucharist is necessary for salvation
15. Giving people the official “saint” title
Unlike Pelagius, Augustine didn’t understand much Greek. The historian Neander observed that Augustine’s teaching “contains the germ of the whole system of spiritual despotism, intolerance, and persecution, even to the court of the Inquisition”. He instigated bitter persecutions against the Bible-believing Donatists who were striving to maintain pure churches after the apostolic faith.
Augustine interpreted Bible prophecy allegorically; among other things teaching that the Catholic Church is the kingdom of God.
Augustine was one of the fathers of the heresy of infant baptism, claiming that unbaptized infants were lost, and calling all who rejected infant baptism “infidels” and “cursed”.
Augustine exalted church tradition above the Bible and said,”I should not believe the gospel unless I were moved to do so by the authority of the Catholic Church”.
He was among the first who taught a-millennialism and that the nephilim were descendents of Cain instead of (as the Bible says) a mixture of angels and female human beings.
“By Adam’s transgression, the freedom of’ the human will has been completely lost.”
“By the greatness of the first sin, we have lost the freewill to love God.”
“By subverting the rectitude in which he was created, he is followed with the punishment of not being able to do right” and “the freedom to abstain from sin has been lost as a punishment of sin.”
According to Wikipedia we can learn:
He was contemporary with Jerome and Ambrosius. In his early years he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterward by the Neo-Platonism. Although he later abandoned Neoplatonism some ideas are still visible in his early writings. After his conversion to Christianity, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and different perspectives. He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom, and he framed the concepts of original sin and just war.
When the Western Roman Empire was starting to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God (in a book with the same name). The Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion view him as an pre-eminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinian religious order. Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of Reformation. Much of Augustine’s later life was recorded by his friend Possidius, bishop of Calama (present-day Guelma, Algeria), in his Sancti Augustini Vita. Possidius admired Augustine as a man of powerful intellect and a stirring orator who took every opportunity to defend Christianity against its detractors. Reformed theologians such as Martin Luther and John Calvin would look back to him as their inspiration.
Compared with Augustine, Pelagius was way more consistent with the Bible and shared the same Bible interpretation as the church fathers before him. (Read more about him in another blog post in the same Category.)
#4 [1 Corinthians 9:27], #6 [Matthew 16:17–19; Lucas 10:16; 22:32; John 21:15–18; Acts 9:31; 23:11; 1 Peter 5:13; Apocalypse 13; 17–18], #7 [Matthew 5:26; 12:32; 1 Corinthians 3:10–15], #8 [2 Machabees 12:43–46], #9 [John 3:5; Galatians 3:26–29; 1 John 5:4–8], (the 1st half of) #11 [Ezechiel 44:2–3; Apocalypse 11:19], #13 [Wisdom 13; Romans 1], and #14 [Matthew 26:26–28; Marcus 14:22–24; Lucas 22:19–20; John 6:35–70; 1 Corinthians 10:16; 11:23–29] are not heresies but Ordinarily Magisterial Dogmas.
Naturally the Bible doesn’t teach any heresies. It’s human beings who might choose to misread the Bible and add heresies themselves. Augustine got most things wrong and unfortunately both Calvin and Luther were affected by him.
Natural, as I just showed, the numbers I singled out are not even heresies but Ordinarily Magisterial Dogmas taught by True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers such as Episcop Irenæus of LugDunum and Episcop Cyprian of Carthage. Augustinus was a neoPlatonist who “allowed” “divorce” and “nfp” and taught “Baptism of blood/desire” which really are heresies. Martin Luther and John Calvin — just like Ignacio DeLoyola and RoBerto Bellarmino — were Masons. Both the protestant revolution and the Jesuitical counterrevolution are a Masonic stageshow. The True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers are against both you and Augustinus.
You forgot to explain why the true ancient fathers are against me.
You lie. You chose not to read the cited Passages. I also pointed out it’s both you and him the True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers are against. Not True OrthoDox? Not True Christian.
You forgot to tell me in what way I lie.
I’ve read the entire NT, some passages multiple times and I’m not under any obligation to read singled out verses by demand.
You still need to tell me why the ancient fathers would be against me because I certainly side with them.
You forgot the fact, if you really honestly read the whole New Testament, you’d already know which way you lie ’cause you’d already know what God and the Apostles said in the aforecited Passages. I’m not under any demand to read out aforecited Passages to nominal “christians” who just gloss over “inconvenient” Passages.
I already told you why the True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers are against not just Augustinus but also you in the aforelisted numbers and aforecited Passages. I even mentioned 2 True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers such as such as Episcop Irenæus of LugDunum and Episcop Cyprian of Carthage who taught original sin, the indispensability of Baptism for Salvation, Purgatorio, Petrine Supremacy, and the Immaculate ConCeption, Impeccability, Divine Maternity, and Perpetual Virginity. Tradition and Scripture are OrthoDox. No post-“schism” “churches” are True OrthoDox. True OrthoDox pray at home on Lord’s Days. You’re currently under the 2 Thessalonians 2 curse. You had more than your 2 due warnings heretic [Titus 3:10–11]. I’m shaking the dust off my feet now [Matthew 10:14; Marcus 6:11; Lucas 9:5]. I don’t cast pearls before swine [Matthew 7:6].
Sorry, if you’re going to charge someone for lying you really should be prepared to explain why. Since I say Amen to all passages in the Bible, your passages are included. And I certainly don’t gloss over “inconvenient passages”, so that’s one of your lies. Whenever I meet someone with theology views that I disagree with, I don’t assume that they are lying but that they are wrong, and I explain why.
Here you can read quotes from the old church fathers where they deny original sin:
Sorry but you already exposed yourself as a liar and I already did show why and, as every True OrthoDox would tell you, your “amen” to the aforecited Passages is obviously merely lip service as you obviously do gloss over “inconvenient” Passages as you prove by your listing of Ordinarily Magisterial Dogmas “as” “heresies” then claiming to have read the whole New TestaMent by which either way you stand even more a self-condemned liar [John 8:44; Titus 3:10–11]. Christianity is not a “democracy”/”republic” where everyone gets to “debate” and “agree to disagree” as you do in protestantism, Coptism, Byzantinism, and now even Romanism. You’re corrupted by scholasticism. I’m well aware of many heretic AntiFathers who both affirmed and denied original sin most of whom are the same apostate AntiFathers and the apostate scholastics who succeeded them who “mixed” Christianity “with” Greco-Roman pagan pseudophilosophy.
I’ve written numerous articles concerning Bible verses which Calvinists usually use as proof text, so I certainly don’t gloss over any verses. So stop charging me of something that is untrue. There are no “inconvenient” verses in the first place since God’s word makes perfect sense.
As I’ve shown in my articles, there is not a single Bible verse which shows original sin, as in the inherited sinful nature.
Just listing Bible verses won’t do much good. Sorry.
I’ve seen many heretics of many kinds write many articles which distort Scripture and even distort the True Ancient OrthoDox Fathers and even Popes and appeal to apostate AntiPopes and other apostate AntiFathers. You’re not special. There are “inconvenient” Bible Passages for you since you don’t believe in God’s Word.
As I stated before there are indeed Bible Passages which teach original sin [Psalms 57(58):4; 70(71):4–6; Isaias 48:8] the indispensability of Baptism [John 3:5; Acts 2:38; 16:33; 22:16; Galatians 3:26–29; 1 Peter 3:21; 1 John 5:4–8], and infant Baptism [Acts 2:38; 16:33; 22:16] which you just happen to gloss over and has nothing to do with the free will Dogma and the vast majority of your sources were the same apostate AntiFathers such as Justin, “CleMent” of Rhacotis, Origen of Rhacotis, Tatian of AsSyria, TerTullian, AthenaGorus of Athena, Aristides of Athena, “TheoPhilus” of AntiOch, Novatian, Lucius Lactantius, “Eusebius” of Cæsarea, “MethoDius” of Olympus, “Cyril” of JeruSalem, Hieronymus, Pelagius, just like Ambrosius of Milan and Augustinus of Hippo Regius and the anti-TheoTokos heretic John ChrysosTom and the apostate scholastics who succeeded them who “mixed” Christianity “with” Greco-Roman pagan pseudophilosophy. Congratulations: you’re a Hellenizer.
Since I’ve written blog posts about those verses it’s not true that I “gloss over” them. I write about them! It would be better if you addressed the points I make in those blog posts rather than listing a bunch of Bible verses by number. It’s no obligation to read the articles of course, but then it’s hard for you to debate since you have no idea which points I’m making.
So nope, not ONE verse in the entire Bible teaches the original sin. Not one.
God would never request that we obey his laws, if he knows that we can’t. The God of the Bible makes perfect sense. Sinning is something a person might choose to do, and nothing that can be inherited in the DNA.
I’ve seen many heretics of many kinds right many articles to “explain” “away” many Bible Verses they don’t like but pretend to believe. You’re not special. Get that through your head!
Since you refuse to read my side, it’s not possible to have a conversation. A conversation or a debate requires that you listen to the opposing side. This means you’re wasting time since you’re talking to yourself.
Your feelings are irrelevant. Your “views” are heresies. The gates of Hell are the death dealing tongues of heretics such as yourself. I’m OrthoDox. You’re the heretic. We don’t do the “debate” or “opposing sides” thing in Christianity. We give 1 or 2 warnings to the heretic then condemn the heretic as the heretic in Christianity.
Ok, so I feel that you’ve done your warnings now then, even though you haven’t explained why I’m in error in my articles – which you have not read.
A waste of time.
I pointed out your heresies several times. I’ve heard you’re full of “argument” from any other before you. You’re not special. Get that through your head.
Would you kindly gove some logical reasonings instead of arguments from authority and wild insults? Asserting things doesn’t make them true. Accusing someone be being a Hellenist for arguing against Augustine is doubly absurd. Ipsi Dixit is not an argument, and calling yourself orthodox following Augustine is historically false on every level.
Yes, I have logical reasoning in my blog posts – related to the Bible verses you listed. The blog posts you’re not interested in reading.
Not you, bjork, the other guy. You’re only 3-4% as bad.
Sorry, I’m cooking supper at the same time as commenting 🙂
Purgatory is much older than Augustine, and is not a Gnostic idea, but a Phariseic one. Augustine is the one who popularized the Gnostic damnation (eternal life in hell) instead of an actual second death or paying the last farthing once you stop worshipping the Beast.
As for the Apocrypha, I have no idea why you trust the Masoretes instead of the Apostolic and Early Fathers who used and knew the Septuagint, which is closer to the DSS than the Masoretic Text or Vulgate.
When it comes to the Apocrypha I haven’t claimed that I “trust” one version over another, and neither do I blindly trust the content of the books I quote. Moreover, all books under the label of Apocrypha might not be trustworthy, and the individual books shouldn’t be judged as a group. There are secular lost books (like the book of Jasher) which seems to be very reliable even thought it’s not divine.
Thank you for your Augustine expose. I wrote one too, I invite you to read at:
“25 Reasons Augustine was Not a Saint”
Click to access Augustinewasnotasaint.pdf
Augustine definitely brought a lot of falsehood into church. I believe the Biblical teaching that we are NOT saved by faith alone. Faith without works is dead.
Ja. 2:24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and NOT by faith only.
I’ve started to suspect that Augustine’s Faith is the equivalent to Mani’s Gnosis and Calvin’s Regeneration. I think Jesus wanted our faith to be an attitude, not a creed. That’s why he ordered his disciples not to interrupt those performing exorcisms according to his will.
In fact, I think you don’t need to know Jesus by name to do his will, lest his crucifixion damn the unreached and the Gospel become an ultimatum instead of Good News. Some people have been raped in the Church and still love Jesus though they hate the “Jesus” their abusive parents taught them.
<< the Gospel become an ultimatum instead of Good News.
Gospel means "good news".
<<Some people have been raped in the Church and still love Jesus though they hate the "Jesus" their abusive parents taught them.
Very true, and it's also our responsibility to look for God ourselves.
Acts 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation; 27 That they should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after him, and find him, though he be not far from every one of us:
Just wanted to add that this argument has rested its ugly head numerous times in Church history, perhaps the best example being the controversy between the Jansenists and the Jesuits in the 17th century. Sufficient grace vs Efficacious grace. A needless splitting of hairs. It’s both. As John says in the Gospel, “grace for grace.”
You wrote: ” perhaps the best example being the controversy between the Jansenists and the Jesuits in the 17th century. ”
Never heard of the Jansenists so I’m behind in my studies 🙂 Yes, the issue/debate concerning grace is always current.
Thanks for an interesting post. I enjoyed the City of God at one time but always found the Confessions unbearable, so like Erasmus I was never a big fan. But since Luther found his indespensible I figured he must be so. Yet the more one digs in to him the more Gnostic and confused he seems to be. I’m with you. An inflated esteem for Augustine is responsible for much confusion in the Catholic Church but even more so in the Protestant since the Reformers were preoccupied with essentially Augustinian problems. So much so that one historian has famously joked that the Reformation was a quarrel in the mind of Augustine. The Orthodox churches don’t esteem him as a Saint of church father I don’t believe. As a historical figure he remains vital. While his conclusions aren’t the end all be all and he may be heretical in many ways we should all be conversant in his ideas for the sake of all believers.
I do think we need to be freed from a kind of theological narcissism which is so stifling and so characteristically Augustinian.
You seem to know, in depth, what you’re talking about since you’ve taken the time to read Augustine’s books.
You said “As a historical figure he remains vital.”. Yes, he is still a person who influences the churches (particularly through Calvin and Luther) even though he lived a long time ago.
I recommend people read Augustine for themselves. You will find much that edifies and enlightens–unlike this article which misrepresents the bishop of Hippo badly.
Yes, it’s good advice to read Augustine’s own material (and Pelagius own material), where it’s apparent what he truly believed – even if we changed his mind a few times. The church fathers before him had totally different Bible views, and Augustine brought in a lot of heresies into church.
Can you write here the source of the list of these heresies?
I want to know much about.
So sorry, but when it comes to this brief article I included no sources so I’m afraid you have to get them confirmed by Augustine’s own writings and by using online searches. I can recommend reading from the early church fathers (earlier than Augustine) who disagreed heavily with Augustine’s assessments. I’ve read enough from Augustine to know that his semi-gnostic views are not Biblical. If there is any particular topic you’re interested in, maybe you can look around on my Blog in case I have a more detailed blog article (with sources) available.
I am interested in Augustine for the moment.
I can definitely recommend these sources by Jesse Morell about Augustine (including sources):
LikeLiked by 1 person
Thanks for a good post on a man who has so influenced Christian thought, even though he would be considered a heretic today. It truly aggravates me that so many protestants quote him as if he was a great church father.
Hi Paul, and thanks.
Unfortunately Augustine wrote A LOT